The Portugal physical map shows landform and geography of Portugal. This geographical map of Portugal will allow you to discover physical features of Portugal in Europe. The Portugal physical map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
The territory of Portugal includes an area in the Iberian Peninsula (referred to as the continent by most Portuguese) and two archipelagos in the Atlantic Ocean: the archipelagos of Madeira and the Azores as its mentioned in Portugal physical map. It lies between latitudes 32° and 43° N, and longitudes 32° and 6° W.
The physical mainland Portugal is split by its main river, the Tagus that flows from Spain and disgorges in Tagus Estuary, near Lisbon, before escaping into the Atlantic. The northern landscape as you can see in Portugal physical map is mountainous towards the interior with several plateaus indented by river valleys, whereas the south, that includes the Algarve and the Alentejo regions, is characterized by rolling plains.
Portugal is located on the western coast of the Iberian Peninsula and plateau, that divides the inland Mediterranean Sea from the Atlantic Ocean. It is located on the Atlantic coast of this plateau, and crossed by several rivers which have their origin in Spain as its shown in Portugal physical map. Most of these rivers flow from east to west disgorging in the Atlantic; from north to south, the primary rivers are the Minho, Douro, Tagus and the Guadiana.
Portugal topographic map shows the physical features of Portugal. This topographical map of Portugal will allow you to discover landforms and geographical of Portugal in Europe. The Portugal topographic map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
Portugal exhibits sharp topographic contrasts. Although the north is largely lowland or land of medium altitude, the distribution of highlands is unequal north and south of the Tagus (Tejo) River. From north to south as its shown in Portugal topographic map, the principal mountain ranges are the Peneda (reaching a maximum height of 1,416 m/4,646 ft), Gerêz (1,507 m/4,944 ft), Marão (1,415 m/4,642 ft), Montemuro (1,382 m/4,534 ft), the Açor (1,340 m/4,396 ft), and Lousã (1,204 m/3,950 ft), all north of the Tagus. The uplands of Beira, traversed by the Tagus on its way to the sea, contain Portugal's highest peak, Estrêla (1,991 m/6,532 ft).
Westward lies the low coast of the Beira Littoral as its mentioned in Portugal topographic map. The Tagus and Sado basins lie adjacent to the hilly area of Estremadura and rise to the hills of Alentejo on the east. The interior lowland of lower Alentejo, farther south, is limited by the hills of Algarve. The south coast, from the mouth of the Guadiana to Cape St. Vincent, is mainly steep, but northward from Cape St. Vincent to the Tagus, including the great Bay of Setúbal and the estuary of the Tagus, the coast is low. North of the Tagus, it rises steeply toward the hills of Sintra, beyond which is a low coast of dunes interrupted by the marshes of Aveiro. Beyond the mouth of the Douro River, the coast is steep all the way to the Spanish frontier and the mouth of the Minho River. The larger rivers—the Minho, the Douro, the Tagus, and the Guadiana—all rise in Spain. The Douro has the longest course in Portugal (322 km/200 mi).
As a general rule, the landscape north of the River Tagus is hilly and often rugged, while the south has softly rolling plains as you can see in Portugal topographic map. Over 80% of Portugal 10.5 million people live in districts bordering the ocean, while the interior is thinly populated. Within that general picture, regions vary greatly. The Algarve occupies the southern coastal strip. Separated from the rest of the country by low forested hills, it basks in a Mediterranean-type climate that facilitates the growth of orange, lemon, fig, and almond trees and draws tourists to its sheltered, south-facing beaches.
The Portugal elevation map shows the different altitudes of Portugal. This altitude map of Portugal will allow you to know where are the highest and lowest regions of Portugal in Europe. The Portugal elevation map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
The highest elevation in Portugal is not on mainland Europe, rather in an unexpected twist of Strange Geography it is on an island in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean, some 1,500 kilometers (950 miles) from the Portuguese capital city of Lisbon as its shown in Portugal elevation map. The island of Pico (literally “peak”) with its dominant stratovolcano of the same name rises 2,351 meters (7,713 feet) above the Atlantic plain in the Azores archipelago.
Mount Pico (Ponta do Pico, in Portuguese) is a stratovolcano and the highest elevation point on Pico Island in the Azores. It reaches an altitude of 2,351 meters (7,713 ft) above sea level, which makes it the highest point in Portugal and also in the Mid-Atlantic Ridge as its mentioned in Portugal elevation map. Pico is more than twice the elevation of any other peak in the Azores. Pico Alto the round crater about 500 meters (1,600 ft) in diameter and 30 meters deep tops the volcano, with Piquinho (Pico Pequeno) a small volcanic cone rising 70 meters within it to form the true summit. Historical eruptions of Pico have occurred from vents on its flanks rather than the summit crater.
Estrela Mountains, Portuguese Serra da Estrela (“Star Mountain Range”), highest mountains in continental Portugal as you can see in Portugal elevation map. The range lies in the north-central part of the country, between the basins of the Tagus and Mondego rivers. The western continuation of the Central Sierras (Sistema Central) of Spain, the range runs about 40 miles (65 km) from northeast to southwest and is between 10 and 15 miles (16 and 24 km) wide. On the highest peak, Torre (Alto da Torre), which rises to 6,539 feet (1,993 metres), a tower (torre) has been constructed. With an annual rainfall of more than 90 inches (2,300 mm) above 4,000 elevation feet (about 1,200 metres), the range is one of Portugal chief pastoral districts, the seasonal herding of sheep and goats still being practiced there.
The rivers in Portugal map shows the principal rivers with their names of Portugal. The rivers map of Portugal will allow you to find the main rivers which flow in and through Portugal in Europe. The Portugal rivers map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
Portugal is geographically diverse country with mountains that descend to a large coastal plain. Portugal major rivers begin in the highlands of the Meseta Central - the Tajo River is the longest as its shown in Portugal rivers map. The Tagus River is the longest river in the Iberian Peninsula originating from Spain that flows into Portugal where it empties its water near Lisbon in the Atlantic Ocean. The source of River Tagus is the Fuente de Garcia whose main tributaries enter the Tagus.
The Douro is one of the most important rivers in the Iberian Peninsula flowing from its source in Soria Province and emptying its water at Porto as its mentioned in Portugal rivers map. The Duoro is the third longest river in the Iberian Peninsula which also forms a border between Portugal and Spain. The Guadiana River is the fourth longest river in the Iberian Peninsula defining a long stretch on the border of Portugal and Spain. The Guadiana River flows through Spain from east to west and south through Portugal then it forms the stretch on the Portugal and Spain border. The Minho River is the longest river in the Galicia region of Spain. The Minho has water vineyards, farms and is used for the production of hydro-electricity, it also marks a small part of the Spanish-Portugal border.
The Mondego is the longest river to wholly pass through Portugal whose source is Serra da Estrela emptying its waters into the Atlantic Ocean near the city of Figueira da Foz. The Mondego has two dams and the river stretches for 161 miles in length as you can see in Portugal rivers map. There are other rivers in the country which include the Zezere river which is 133 miles long, the Sado which is 109 miles long, the Volga which is 92 miles long, the Tâmega which is 90 miles long and shared with Spain and lastly the Mira river which is also 90 miles long. There are some dams, hydroelectric power plants built on these rivers which play a significant role in the economic and cultural growth of Portugal.
The mountains in Portugal map shows the principal mountains with their names in Portugal. The mountains map of Portugal will allow you to find the main mountains ranges and highest mountains of Portugal in Europe. The Portugal mountains map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
Portugal tallest mountain peaks are not found on the mainland, but nearly 900 miles offshore on the Azores Islands. Mount PIco towers 7,713 feet above the sea on Pico Island. Cantaro Magro, which means the Slim Pitcher rises 6,325 feet above sea level in the Serra Estrela mountain range just 1.5 miles southeast of Torre as its shown in Portugal mountains map. Two more mountains known as cantaros or "pitchers" lie in the same area as the Mount Torres and Cantaro Magro. Cantaro Raso, "shallow pitcher" rises 6,253 feet above sea level, and Cantaro Gordo, "fat pitcher" summits at 6,151 feet.
Monchique Mountains, Portuguese Serra De Monchique, low mountain range in southern Portugal, near Cape Saint Vincent, the southwestern extremity of the Iberian Peninsula. A dissected igneous rock (syenite) massif, its highest point is Foia (2,960 ft [902 m]) as its mentioned in Portugal mountains map. The range is famous for its wild and generally varied plant life, as well as for its spas with medicinal waters (Caldas de Monchique).
Portugal covers an area of 35,604 square miles and an estimated population of 10 million. The northern part of the country is mountainous but the central and southern part is characterized by plateaus, rivers, valleys, and plains. The mountains of Portugal were formed by volcanic activities as you can see in Portugal mountains map.
The Portugal climate map shows average temperature and climate zones of Portugal. This climate map of Portugal will allow you to know weather, average precipitation, average sunshine and different climates of Portugal in Europe. The Portugal climate map is downloadable in PDF, printable and free.
Portugal has a Mediterranean climate, Csa in the south and Csb in the north, according to the Köppen climate classification. The annual average temperature in mainland Portugal varies from 12–13 °C (53.6–55.4 °F) in the mountainous interior north to 17–18 °C (62.6–64.4 °F) in the south (in general the south is warmer and drier than the north) as its shown in Portugal climate map. The Madeira and Azores archipelagos have a narrower temperature range with the annual average temperature sometimes exceeding 20 °C (68 °F) in the south coast of Madeira Island. Extreme temperatures occur in the mountains in the northeast of the country in winter, where they may fall to −15 °C (5 °F), and in southeastern parts in the summer, sometimes exceeding 45 °C (113 °F).
The official absolute extreme temperatures are −16 °C (3.2 °F) in Penhas da Saúde on 4 February 1954 and 47.4 °C (117.3 °F) in Amareleja in the Alentejo region, on 1 August 2003. There are, however, unofficial records of 50.5 °C (122.9 °F) on 4 August 1881 in Riodades, São João da Pesqueira as its mentioned in Portugal climate map. It is very plausible since this region is known for its microclimate. The annual average rainfall varies from a bit more than 3,000 mm (118.1 in) in the mountains in the north to less than 600 mm (23.6 in) in southern parts of Alentejo. Both the Azores and the Madeira Islands have a subtropical climate with mild, rainy winters and mainly dry, warm summers. The Savage Islands, that belong to the Madeira archipelago, have an arid climate with an annual average rainfall of around 150 mm (5.9 in).
The country has around 2500–3200 hours of sunshine a year, an average of 4-6h in winter and 10-12h in the summer, with higher values in the southeast and lower in the northwest. The sea surface temperature is higher in the south coast where it varies from 15–16 °C (59–60.8 °F) in January to 22–23 °C (71.6–73.4 °F) in August, occasionally reaching 25 °C (77 °F) as you can see in Portugal climate map; on the west coast the sea surface temperature is around 14–15 °C (57.2–59 °F) in winter and 18–20 °C (64–68 °F) in the summer, with higher values as one goes southwards.